Influence of Enalapril Therapy Schedule on the Progression of the Disease in Dilated Cardiomyopathic Syrian Hamsters (Bio TO-2 strain)

Image The influence of enalapril therapy schedule on the progression of the disease in terms of hemodynamic, cardiac remodelling and survival was assessed in cardiomyopathy Syrian hamsters (CMHs). CMHs (Bio TO-2 dilated strain) were treated orally with enalapril at 20 mg/kg/day from 60 to 200 (early treatment), from 120 to 200 (late treatment) or 120 to 250 (prolonged treatment) days of age. In survival studies, CMHs were treated until 90% of controls are death. Early, late and prolonged treatments significantly decreased mean arterial blood pressure (-23%, -27% and -22%, respectively), but had no effects on cardiac output and stroke volume. Late... Read More

Pediatric ophthalmologist

Image Pediatric ophthalmologist Pediatric ophthalmology  is a sub-speciality of ophthalmology concerned with eye diseases, visual development, and vision care in children. Pediatric ophthalmologists focus on the development of the visual system and the various diseases that disrupt visual development in children. Pediatric ophthalmologists also have expertise in managing the various ocular diseases that affect children. Pediatric ophthalmologists are qualified to perform complex eye surgery as well as to manage children's eye problems using glasses and medications. Many ophthalmologists and other physicians refer pediatric patients to a pediatric ophthalmologist for examination and management of ocular problems due to children's unique needs. In addition to children with obvious vision problems, children... Read More

ocular migraine

Image ocular migraine The term "ocular migraine" can be confusing. It generally means a headache that's accompanied by changes in vision. But the term is often used interchangeably to refer to two different conditions: migraine aura, which usually isn't serious, and retinal migraine, which could signal something serious. Migraine aura affecting your vision Ocular migraine sometimes describes a migraine aura that involves your vision. Migraine auras include a variety of sensations that are often visual. Auras may also include other sensations, such as numbness, that precede or accompany a migraine. Aura can sometimes occur without a headache. A migraine aura that... Read More

Pericarditis

Image Pericarditis Pericarditis is swelling and irritation of the pericardium, the thin saclike membrane surrounding your heart. Pericarditis often causes chest pain and sometimes other symptoms. The sharp chest pain associated with pericarditis occurs when the irritated layers of the pericardium rub against each other. Pericarditis usually begins suddenly but doesn't last long (acute). When symptoms develop more gradually or persist, pericarditis is considered chronic. Symptoms Pericarditis has different classification types, depending on the pattern of symptoms and how long symptoms last. Acute pericarditis usually lasts less than three weeks. Incessant pericarditis lasts about four to six weeks but less than... Read More

physical therapy: Physiotherapy

Image What is a physiotherapist’s expertise?  Physiotherapists study the science of movement. They learn how to pinpoint an injury’s root causes. When should I go see a physiotherapist? Think about getting physiotherapy if you have an injury, or chronic pain that affects how you function everyday. A doctor may refer you to physiotherapy after surgery such as a hip replacement, or an event such as a heart attack or stroke. If you are planning to use health insurance to help cover the cost of physiotherapy, remember to visit your insurance company's website to ensure the physiotherapist is covered.... Read More

Ayurvedic medicine

Image Ayurvedic medicine (“Ayurveda” for short) is one of the world's oldest holistic (“whole-body”) healing systems. It was developed more than 3,000 years ago in India. It’s based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit. Its main goal is to promote good health, not fight disease. But treatments may be geared toward specific health problems. In the United States, it’s considered a form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Ayurveda and Your Life Energy Students of CAM therapy believe that everything in the universe – dead or alive – is connected.... Read More

naturopathic treatments

Image Naturopathy or naturopathic medicine is a form of alternative medicine that employs an array of pseudoscientific practices branded as "natural", "non-invasive", or promoting "self-healing". The ideology and methods of naturopathy are based on vitalism and folk medicine, rather than evidence-based medicine.  Naturopathy aims to educate the person to look after their own health and the health of their family, minimising symptoms of any illness, supporting the body's capacity to heal, and balancing the body so that illness is less likely to occur in the future. A range of therapies are used to support the person. Naturopathy promotes and encourages the natural food,... Read More

homeopathy potency

Image In homeopathy, a solution that is more dilute is described as having a higher potency, and more dilute substances are considered by homeopaths to be stronger and deeper-acting. ... Some homeopaths developed a decimal scale (D or X), diluting the substance to ten times its original volume each stage. Several potency scales are in use in homeopathy. Hahnemann created the centesimal or "C scale", diluting a substance by a factor of 100 at each stage. The centesimal scale was favored by Hahnemann for most of his life. A 2C dilution requires a substance to be diluted to one part in... Read More

Gestational diabetes causes and risk factors

Image Causes When you eat, your pancreas releases insulin, a hormone that helps move a sugar called glucose from your blood to your cells, which use it for energy. During pregnancy, your placenta makes hormones that cause glucose to build up in your blood. Usually, your pancreas can send out enough insulin to handle it. But if your body can’t make enough insulin or stops using insulin like it should, your blood sugar levels rise, and you get gestational diabetes.   Risk Factors Were overweight before you got pregnant Are African-American, Asian, Hispanic, or Native American Have blood sugar levels that... Read More

Hyperglycaemic effect

Image Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or its action, or both. Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as diabetes (as it will be in this article) was first identified as a disease associated with "sweet urine," and excessive muscle loss in the ancient world. Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) lead to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine. Normally, blood glucose levels are tightly controlled by insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose level. When... Read More

Xylem Structure

Image Xylem Structure Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Xylem is one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plantsphloem being the other. The basic function... Read More

Diatoms

Image Diatoms Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Agenesis of Celiac Axis – A Rare Clinical Entity

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Agenesis of Celiac Axis – A Rare Clinical Entity” was well written by Dr. Rajul Rastogi. Abstract Agenesis of... Read More

Magnetic Beads Trap E. Coli from Body Fluid Samples

Image The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology (ISSN: 2161-0681) deals with research on infectious disorders associated with immune system and immunological disorders, infectious diseases, treatment of infectious diseases, infectious medicine, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, infection control, pathophysiology, clinical pathology , preventive medicine. Clinical Pathology deals with patient care, diagnostic services, novel treatments and research on immune infections. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology covers all areas of clinical and experimental pathology. Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Journal of clinical and experimental pathology. While current concern is... Read More

Root Canal Treatment of a Maxillary First Molar with an Un-instrumented 5th Canal

Image On Behalf of Journal of oral hygiene and Health editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Objective: Failure to identify and treat all canals within the root canal system is a major reason for endodontic failure. The morphological variations of the maxillary first molar have been the subject of many studies, with most studies focusing on multiple canals within the mesiobuccal root, but maxillary molars... Read More

Neuroscience

Image Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system.  It combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling, and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits. The understanding of the biological basis of learning, memory, behavior, perception, and consciousness has been described by Eric Kandel as the "ultimate challenge" of the biological sciences. The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time to include different approaches used to study the nervous system at different scales and the techniques used by neuroscientists have expanded enormously, from molecular and cellular studies of individual... Read More

Factors associated with an increased risk of potentially inappropriate prescriptions at hospital discharge in older patients

Image Factors associated with an increased risk of potentially inappropriate prescriptions at hospital discharge in comorbid older patients Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care... Read More

May NETs Contain Costimulatory Molecules?

Image May NETs Contain Costimulatory Molecules? Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of... Read More

Prevalence and Characteristics of Hypertension and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Image  Prevalence and Characteristics of Hypertension and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Native People in Argentine Patagonia Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty... Read More

Knee Osteoarthritis Grading System for Arthroplasty

Image An osteoarthritic (OA) knee patient usually presents to the clinician with varying symptoms including pain, stiffness, instability, and difficulties in activities of daily living. In patients with significant symptoms, the decision of whether to offer a knee arthroplasty is dependent on confirmation of bone-on-bone arthritis in the affected knee. Assessment before the implementation of a specific type of knee arthroplasty (KA) includes the history, clinical presentation, special investigations, patient’s preference, and surgeon’s skill in different available options. Typically, primary OA tends to start in one compartment and with time progresses to be tri-compartmental. In... Read More

Method for evaluating the kinematics of knee prostheses

Image The primary intent of anatomical knee implants is to replicate the motions of a normal knee joint. In developing such designs, a preclinical evaluation of kinematic behavior is needed. In vitro testing method for recording movements of the knee joint in which a novel testing jig was developed and incorporated into a knee simulator setup alongside a motion capture system to directly track the medial and lateral movements of a knee prosthesis. The test system developed in this study required a number of factors to be validated; (i) gait inputs to the knee simulator... Read More

Heydar Aliyev Center – Architecture from Baku

Image Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology welcomes your submissions, journal accept Unique research article, case report, short communication, and letters to the editors in the fields of Architectural. Every effort is made to have a speedy and critical peer-review process. The Heydar Aliyev Center is a 57,500 m2 (619,000 sq ft) building complex in Baku, Azerbaijan designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid and noted for its distinctive architecture and flowing, curved style that eschews sharp angles. The center is named after Heydar Aliyev, the first secretary of Soviet Azerbaijan from 1969 to 1982, and president of Azerbaijan Republic from October... Read More

Oral Cavity Cancer (Dentistry)

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish within the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Cancer is defined as the uncontrollable growth of cells that invade and cause damage to surrounding tissue. Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, and pharynx (throat), can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. In... Read More

Drug(Omeprazole) Induced Skin Hyperpigmentation

Image Drug(Omeprazole) Induced Skin Hyperpigmentation Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management, Patient care, Nursing, Disease and... Read More

Plasmapheresis in Neurological Disorders

Image Plasmapheresis in Neurological Disorders Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the... Read More

Causative Factors for the Initiation of Atherosclerotic Plaques

Image Causative Factors for the Initiation of Atherosclerotic Plaques Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50 % on one-time article processing... Read More

Cardiac Rehabilitation during quarantine in COVID-19 Pandemic

Image Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, many cardiac rehabilitation (CR) services and programs are stopped. Because CR is a Class I level A recommendation with clinical benefits that are now well documented, the cessation of CR programs can lead to dramatic consequences in terms of public health. We proposed here a viewpoint of significant interest about the sudden need to develop remote home-based CR programs both in clinical research and in clinical care routine. This last decade, the literature on remote home-based cardiac rehabilitation programs has been increasing but to date only clinical research experiences have been implemented. Benefits are numerous... Read More

Mucosa: a layer of loose connective tissue

Image Mucosa is a membrane that lines various cavities in the body and covers the surface of internal organs. It consists of one or more layers of epithelial cells overlying a layer of loose connective tissue. It is mostly of endodermal origin and is continuous with the skin at various body openings such as the eyes, ears, inside the nose, inside the mouth, lip, vagina, the urethral opening and the anus. Some mucous membranes secrete mucus, a thick protective fluid. The function of the membrane is to stop pathogens and dirt from entering the body and to prevent bodily tissues... Read More

Pink eye

Image Pink Eye Pink eye, is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It makes the eye appear pink or reddish. Pain, burning, scratchiness, or itchiness may occur. The affected eye may have increased tears or be "stuck shut" in the morning. Swelling of the white part of the eye may also occur. Itching is more common in cases due to allergies. Conjunctivitis can affect one or both eyes. The most common infectious causes are viral followed by bacterial. The viral infection may occur along with other symptoms of a common cold. Both viral and bacterial cases are easily spread between people. Allergies to pollen or animal... Read More

circadian rhythm 

Image circadian rhythm  A circadian rhythm is a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and repeats roughly every 24 hours. It can refer to any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours. These 24-hour rhythms are driven by a circadian clock, and they have been widely observed in plants, animals, fungi, and cyanobacteria. The term circadian comes from the Latin circa, meaning "around" (or "approximately"), and diēm, meaning "day". The formal study of biological temporal rhythms, such as daily, tidal, weekly, seasonal, and annual rhythms, is called chronobiology. Processes with 24-hour oscillations are more generally called diurnal rhythms; strictly speaking, they should not be called circadian rhythms unless their endogenous nature is confirmed. Although... Read More

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Image Dilated cardiomyopathy  Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition in which the heart becomes enlarged and cannot pump blood effectively. Symptoms vary from none to feeling tired, leg swelling, and shortness of breath. It may also result in chest pain or fainting. Complications can include heart failure, heart valve disease, or an irregular heartbeat. Causes include genetics, alcohol, cocaine, certain toxins, complications of pregnancy, and certain infections. Coronary artery disease and high blood pressure may play a role, but are not the primary cause. In many cases the cause remains unclear. It is a type of cardiomyopathy, a group of diseases that primarily affects the heart muscle. The diagnosis may be supported by an electrocardiogram, chest X-ray, or echocardiogram. In those with heart failure, treatment may include medications in the ACE inhibitor, beta blocker, and diuretic families. A low... Read More

The Effects of Carbon and Gold Ion Implanted Surfaces

Image Biomaterials have been used in medicine for decades to improve the functions of tissues and organs. They are also used as prosthesis and implants which are designed to substitute functions of a lacking organ or tissue. Carbon (C) and Gold (Au) were particularly chosen due to their biocompatibility and applied as implants for decades. Carbon and gold were great ion sources for medical applications, as well. Polystyrene dishes were modified using gold and carbon ions via ion implantation technique. Using this surface modification method, it was aimed to improve surface characteristics and achieve a... Read More

Identification of Microorganism in Anammox Consorti

Image Anammox is a novel and sustainable wastewater treatment technology which attracts much attention. The impossible isolation of pure anammox bacteria makes the issue about which bacteria types mainly involved in the anammox consortia meaningful but still lacks of investigation nowadays. In order to elucidate the core constituent of anammox consortia, we investigated microbial communities of six anammox consortia with different origins and activities by cloning 16S rRNA gene region. It is found that the stable anammox consortia have similar community structure, even with different origins (e.g. activated sludge and ground water). The bacteria species... Read More

Oil Trader Mercuria Sees Global Oil Stocks Drawing Fast

Image Oil Trader Mercuria Sees Global Oil Stocks Drawing Fast Oil trading house Mercuria expects global oil stocks to start drawing down at a pace of around 2 million barrels per day (bpd) beginning in July, thanks to the eased lockdowns around the world. Currently, there is an 800-million-barrel surplus on the market compared to last year, Mercuria’s chief executive officer Marco Dunand told a webinar organized by Reuters on Wednesday. According to the top executive at one of the largest oil traders in the world, $40 a barrel oil – roughly the level at which oil traded early on Wednesday... Read More

Two leading oil price reporting agencies launch new U.S. crude benchmarks to rival WTI

Image Two leading oil price reporting agencies launch new U.S. crude benchmarks to rival WTI Two leading oil price reporting agencies separately launched new U.S. crude benchmarks on Friday, as part of an effort to rival the U.S. West Texas Intermediate futures contract. The move from S&P Global Platts and Argus Media comes as both agencies seek to break away from the traditional landlocked system, just over two months after U.S. crude futures plunged into negative territory for the first time in history. S&P Global Platts said its new benchmark for U.S. crude, called Platts American GulfCoast Select (AGS), would reflect the value... Read More

Role of climate and weather in crop production and management

Image Climate and weather are significant factors affecting agriculture production around the world. Both seasonal and regional variability in weather directly influences crop yield potential. While advances in technology have enabled farmers to adopt modern techniques in agriculture and thus enhance their farm output, weather remains a major factor affecting their crops. From plantation to harvest, precipitation, temperature, sunshine hours and wind can affect the quality and quantity of a crop. The correlation between crop volumes and weather can result in a successful yield or a financial disaster. Extended droughts, heat waves, and ill-timed freezes cause widespread crop losses with massive... Read More

Applying modern tech to agriculture

Image Modern agriculture is driven by continuous improvements in digital tools and data as well as collaborations among farmers and researchers across the public and private sectors. During the Green Revolution in the 1960s, India could achieve self-sufficiency in food grain production by using modern methods of agriculture like better quality of seeds, proper irrigation, chemical fertilisers and pesticides. As time passed, more technological advances appeared in agriculture. The tractor was introduced, followed by new tillage and harvesting equipment, irrigation and air seeding technology, all leading to higher yields and improved quality of the food and fibre that was grown. It... Read More

Pediatric Orthopedic Trauma: Principles in Management

Image Optimal management of pediatric orthopedic trauma requires understanding the unique characteristics of the immature musculoskeletal system. The principles of pediatric orthopedic trauma management include anticipating future growth and bone remodeling potential, minimizing physeal injury, and aggressive treatment of open fractures and compartment syndromes. It  discusses the fundamentals of the pediatric musculoskeletal system and pediatric orthopedic trauma management in general and as they apply to specific injuries. Share related research work in our Journal which includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial... Read More

New Technologies in Pediatric Deformity Correction

Image The ability to correct limb deformities is one of the core elements of pediatric orthopedics. The term, orthopedics, is derived from the Greek language and means straightening (ortho) children (paidos). New advances in the evaluation and management of children with limb alignment or limb length issues are constantly appearing. It highlights some of the recent technologies that have been developed to improve the care of these children. Share related research work in our Journal which includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the... Read More

Statin Use and Risk of Acute Diverticulitis: A Population-Based Case-control Study

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Statin Use and Risk of Acute Diverticulitis: A Population-Based Case-control Study” was well written by Dr. Michael O’Grady. Objective: To examine the association between statin use... Read More

Gastroenterology

Image On behalf of the Clinical Gastroenterology Journal, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my privilege and honour to welcome you to our esteemed Journal. Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is an open access peer-reviewed journal that aims in assisting Researchers to stay abreast of key advances and opinion in the field of Gastroenterology and to publish the latest and outstanding Research articles, reviews, and letters in all the areas of Gastroenterology. It covers a broad range of topics including but not limited to research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine,... Read More

Prokaryotic organelles

Image Prokaryotic organelles Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Prokaryotes are not as structurally complex as eukaryotes, and were once thought not to have any internal structures enclosed by ... Read More

Cell membrane

Image Cell membrane Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

Scientific and Practical Substantiation of Ways of Developing and Introducing Electronic Case Report Forms

Image Scientific and Practical Substantiation of Ways of Developing and Introducing Electronic Case Report Forms to Ensure the Quality of Bioequivalence Studies Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews,... Read More

Notre-Dame – Architecture from Paris

Image Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology  is successfully running 9th volume, 2020 it provides peer reviewed that publishes information related to architecture in different fields like Building architecture, Structural engineering, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing, Architect and Professional requirements, Glass Designing which is logical researchers around the world. Notre-Dame de Paris (meaning "Our Lady of Paris") referred to simply as Notre-Dame is a medieval Catholic cathedral is the 4th arrondissement of Paris. The cathedral was consecrated to the Virgin Mary and considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture. Its pioneering use of the rib... Read More

Mas-Related G Protein Coupled Receptor-X2: A Potential New Target for Modulating Mast Cell-Mediated Allergic and Inflammatory Diseases

Image Mas-Related G Protein Coupled Receptor-X2: A Potential New Target for Modulating Mast Cell-Mediated Allergic and Inflammatory Diseases Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure... Read More

Dissociation between Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of HDL Evidenced by Aerobic Exercise in Metabolic Syndrome

Image Dissociation between Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of HDL Evidenced by Aerobic Exercise in Metabolic Syndrome Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount... Read More

Nervous system

Image The nervous system is a highly complex part of an animal that coordinates its actions and sensory information by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body. The nervous system detects environmental changes that impact the body, then works in tandem with the endocrine system to respond to such events. Nervous tissue first arose in wormlike organisms about 550 to 600 million years ago. In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The PNS consists... Read More

INSULIN AND TYPE 2 DIABETES

Image INSULIN AND TYPE 2 DIABETES Our esteemed journal is looking forward for the upcoming issue (Volume4: Issue1) for the upcoming year as all the authors are invited to submit their recent scientific work through manuscripts in the mode of Research/Case Reports/Case Studies/Reviews/Short Review/ Short Communications/Commentaries/Short Commentaries/Letters to Editor/ Image articles etc. A standard editorial manager system is utilized for manuscript submission, review, editorial processing and tracking which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors for monitoring and tracking the article processing. Manuscripts can be uploaded online at Editorial Tracking System or... Read More

INSULIN AND TYPE 1 DIABETES

Image   INSULIN AND TYPE 1 DIABETES The liver can store up to around 5% of its mass as glycogen.   Some cells in the body can take glucose from the blood without insulin, but most cells do require insulin to be present.   INSULIN AND TYPE 1 DIABETES In type 1 diabetes, the body produces insufficient insulin to regulate blood glucose levels.   Without the presence of insulin, many of the body’s cells cannot take glucose from the blood and therefore the body uses other sources of energy.   Ketones... Read More

Development of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Treatment

Image The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology (ISSN: 2161-0681) deals with research on infectious disorders associated with immune system and immunological disorders, infectious diseases, treatment of infectious diseases, infectious medicine, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, infection control, pathophysiology, clinical pathology , preventive medicine. Clinical Pathology deals with patient care, diagnostic services, novel treatments and research on immune infections. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology covers all areas of clinical and experimental pathology. Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Journal of clinical and experimental pathology. The treatment chosen for your... Read More

Neurotransmission - Signaling mechanisms

Image Neurotransmission (Latin: transmissio "passage, crossing" from transmittere "send, let through") is the process by which signaling molecules called neurotransmitters are released by the axon terminal of a neuron (the presynaptic neuron), and bind to and react with the receptors on the dendrites of another neuron (the postsynaptic neuron) a short distance away. A similar process occurs in retrograde neurotransmission, where the dendrites of the postsynaptic neuron release retrograde neurotransmitters (e.g., endocannabinoids; synthesized in response to a rise in intracellular calcium levels) that signal through receptors that are located on the axon terminal of the presynaptic neuron, mainly... Read More

Left Atrial Enlargement Correlates with Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Patients at High Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

Image Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is an extremely common arrhythmia affecting more than 5% of the population over 65 years of age. It is an independent risk factor for death. AF progresses over time, increasing in prevalence with age and converts from paroxysmal AF to permanent AF. AF is considered to be responsible for approximately one-sixth of all ischemic strokes in people over age 60 years. Large left atrial diameter (LAD) is associated with a high risk of AF in multiple patient populations. A case-control study comparing healthy volunteers to patient with idiopathic (lone) atrial fibrillation demonstrated that even patients with a... Read More

Anaerobic bacteria

Image On Behalf of Journal of oral hygiene and Health editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Anaerobic bacteria are part of normal flora of human skin and mucosal membranes. The site of anaerobic infection is commonly the site of normal colonization. The spectrum of infections ranges from local abscesses to life-threatening infections. Anaerobic bacteria differ from aerobic bacteria in their oxygen requirement. Oxygen is toxic to anaerobes which can be explained by the... Read More

Enterprise Risk Management in Construction Companies: Recent Trend

Image Traditionally, risk management is segmented and conducted in separate business units or departments (i.e. silos) within a company. Under silo-based risk management, silos deal with their own risks, and none single group or person in the company has a grasp of the entire exposure that the company faces. Нis is attributed to the way people think about solving problems, the existing organizational structure, and the evolution of risk management practice. In addition, this is due to the fact that each silo within a company possesses the best expertise to address the risks within its area of responsibility. In recent years,... Read More

Mechanical and Thermochemical Studies Using the Experimental Fracture Mechanics Single Contoured-Cantilever Beam Specimen

Image Construction practices involving the rehabilitating, retrosetting and reinforcing of concrete structures using fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) fabrics have been well documented. Experimental efforts to characterize the effectiveness of this technology, however, have included many large scale FRP-concrete tests for strengthstiffness evaluations which do not detect delamination effٴects; small-scale tests, on the other hand, only provide average interface strength properties that neither describe failure mechanisms nor provide fracture toughness data. In this paper, the experimental fracture mechanics specimen known as the single contoured-cantilever beam (SCCB) was used to obtain important quantitative results of FRP-concrete interfaces as subject to a host of... Read More

Clinical Study of Patients with Takayasus Arteritis

Image Retrospective Clinical Study of Patients with Takayasus Arteritis Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management, Patient... Read More

Gross and Histopathological Findings in the First Reported Vaping-Induced Lung Injury Death

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine is a peer reviewed journal, serving the International Scientific Community. This forensic medicine journal with impact factor offers an Open Access platform to the authors to publish their research outcome. Forensic Medicine is a multidisciplinary subject and it is defined as the application of medical knowledge to the investigation of crime, particularly in establishing the causes of injury or death. It is used to for the scientific assessment of DNA, blood samples, and so on. Forensic plays an important role in criminal investigations and it is equally used in archeology, Anthropology, Astronomy, Biology, Geology and Victimology.... Read More

The Evolution of the Use of Serum Alpha-fetoprotein in Clinical Liver Cancer Surveillance

Image The Evolution of the Use of Serum Alpha-fetoprotein in Clinical Liver Cancer Surveillance Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call... Read More

Triple Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing PCI: Adequate Time in Therapeutic INR Range

Image Triple Antithrombotic Therapy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing PCI: Adequate Time in Therapeutic INR Range Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty... Read More

Gross and Histopathological Findings in the First Reported Vaping-Induced Lung Injury Death in the United States

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine  is a double-blind peer reviewed international journal. Journal of Forensic Medicine  deals with Forensic Medicine, Forensic Science, Toxicology, DNA fingerprinting, sexual medicine, environmental medicine, Forensic Pathology, legal medicine and public health laws. The journal is indexed with RefSeek, Hamdard University, EBSCO A-Z, Publons . Drawing on the expertise of leading forensic pathologists, lawyers, and criminologists, Journal of Forensic Medicine presents up-to-date coverage of forensic medical practices worldwide. Each issue of the journal features original articles on new examination and documentation procedures. The journal is running volume 5... Read More

Dental sealant to prevent from tooth decay

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Dental sealants (also termed pit and fissure sealants, or simply fissure sealants) are a dental treatment intended to prevent tooth decay. Teeth have recesses on their biting surfaces; the back teeth have fissures (grooves) and... Read More

Aortic dissection 

Image Aortic dissection  Aortic dissection (AD) occurs when an injury to the innermost layer of the aorta allows blood to flow between the layers of the aortic wall, forcing the layers apart. In most cases, this is associated with a sudden onset of severe chest or back pain, often described as "tearing" in character. Also, vomiting, sweating, and lightheadedness may occur. Other symptoms may result from decreased blood supply to other organs, such as stroke or mesenteric ischemia. Aortic dissection can quickly lead to death from not enough blood flow to the heart or complete rupture of the aorta. AD is more common in those with a history of high blood pressure, a number of connective tissue diseases that affect blood vessel... Read More

Conjunctivitis

Image Conjunctivitis Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is inflammation of the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It makes the eye appear pink or reddish. Pain, burning, scratchiness, or itchiness may occur. The affected eye may have increased tears or be "stuck shut" in the morning. Swelling of the white part of the eye may also occur. Itching is more common in cases due to allergies. Conjunctivitis can affect one or both eyes. The most common infectious causes are viral followed by bacterial. The viral infection may occur along with other symptoms of a common cold. Both viral and bacterial cases are easily spread between people. Allergies to pollen... Read More

NICTITATING MEMBRANE 

Image NICTITATING MEMBRANE  The nictitating membrane is a transparent or translucent third eyelid present in some animals that can be drawn across the eye from the medial canthus for protection and to moisten it while maintaining vision. Some reptiles, birds, and sharks have full nictitating membranes; in many mammals, a small, vestigial portion of the membrane remains in the corner of the eye. Some mammals, such as cats, camels, polar bears, seals and aardvarks, have full nictitating membranes. Often called a third eyelid or haw, it may be referred to in scientific terminology as the plica semilunaris, membrana nictitans, or palpebra tertia. The nictitating membrane is a transparent or translucent third eyelid present in some animals that can be drawn across the eye for protection and to moisten it while maintaining vision. The term comes... Read More

ROLE OF INSULIN

Image ROLE OF INSULIN Insulin is a hormone which plays a key role in the regulation of blood glucose levels. A lack of insulin, or an inability to adequately respond to insulin, can each lead to the development of the symptoms of diabetes. In addition to its role in controlling blood sugar levels, insulin is also involved in the storage of fat. THE ROLE OF INSULIN IN THE BODY Insulin is a hormone which plays a number of roles in the body’s metabolism. Insulin regulates how the body uses and stores glucose and fat. Many of... Read More

INSULIN AND FAT STORAGE

Image INSULIN AND FAT STORAGE Our esteemed journal is looking forward for the upcoming issue (Volume4: Issue1) for the upcoming year as all the authors are invited to submit their recent scientific work through manuscripts in the mode of Research/Case Reports/Case Studies/Reviews/Short Review/ Short Communications/Commentaries/Short Commentaries/Letters to Editor/ Image articles etc. A standard editorial manager system is utilized for manuscript submission, review, editorial processing and tracking which can be securely accessed by the authors, reviewers and editors for monitoring and tracking the article processing. Manuscripts can be uploaded online at Editorial Tracking System or as... Read More

Hybrid Amniotic Membrane Dressing with Green Silver Nanoparticles as Bioengineered Skin for Wounds and Burns

Image The application of biological wound dressings to heal the skin goes back to centuries to the first written report on the skin xenograft in the 15th century BC as mentioned in the Papyrus of Ebers. Various xenogenic dressings from different animal sources ranging from frogs to porcine skins were in the application. The clinical use of human skin allograft was first described in the manuscript of Branca of Sicily in 1503. A variety of techniques have been attempted to reduce wound sepsis, and variable results have been reported. Human Amniotic membrane (hAM) is a versatile biological dressing... Read More

Technology for Improvement of Indoor Air Quality

Image Indoor pollution is defined as “The presence in indoors air the physical, chemical and biological contaminants not normally present in outdoor air of high quality”.  In today's world people spend more than 90% of their time inside close spaces, where levels of a many common organic pollutants can be twelve times higher than outside. Indoor air pollution ranks among the top five major hazardous health issues and is a global concern. Major impact of indoor air pollution is seen in hospitals, offices, factories, malls, residential complexes, IT parks etc. Indoor pollution is now considered by many experts... Read More

Localized Medicines

Image Localized Medicines Implant-associated infections present severe and difficult-to-treat complications after surgery, related to implant biofilm colonization. Systemic administration of antibiotics cannot reach sufficient concentrations at the infected site and may be toxic. Here we describe how mussel-inspired dendritic material coated on a titanium surface can locally activate a prodrug of daptomycin (pro-dapto) to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The mechanism of the prodrug activation is based on bio-orthogonal click chemistry between a tetrazine (Tz) and trans-cyclooctene (TCO). The former is attached to the dendritic polymer, while the later converts daptomycin into a prodrug. Characterization of the material's properties revealed that it... Read More

A Novel Low-Cost Surgical Simulation Tool for Pinning Supracondylar Humerus Fractures

Image Simulation-based training is one way to improve basic competence for surgical trainees and thus improve patient safety. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of a supracondylar humerus fracture is a common procedure that encompasses many basic orthopaedic skills and has been identified as a residency milestone. Despite this, no quantitative tools exist to help learners attain this basic skill. This study seeks to validate a quantitative, low-cost simulation-based training tool for teaching orthopaedic surgery trainees the fundamentals of fracture stabilization with pins. A novel, low-cost simulation model and training session for supracondylar humerus fracture pinning resulted in improved... Read More

Peri-operative management of frailty in orthopedic patients

Image The purpose of  investigation was to summarize current research on diagnosis, outcomes, and management of frail patients undergoing orthopedic surgery. Because frail patients are at increased risk of negative post-operative outcomes including increased 30-day mortality and post-operative complications including infections and delirium, such a review is timely. Strategies including supervised exercise training programs before surgery, early identification of frailty, prophylactic antibiotics, regular drug chart review, regular monitoring of electrolytes, and other strategies to prevent post-operative delirium are helpful in the management of frail orthopedic patients. It is important for surgeons and anesthesiologists to take... Read More

Why Big Oil Won’t Be Getting Bigger Soon

Image Why Big Oil Won’t Be Getting Bigger Soon One reason oil companies have been struggling for years since well before the pandemic hit is that the industry is fragmented, with too many inefficient operators pushing supply into the market. One solution is for larger more-efficient operators to buy up competitors, consolidating the industry. That way they can lower the overall cost of production and convince investors and lenders that the companies are worth an investment. And given that most oil-and-gas companies are down 30% or more this year, acquisitions can presumably be completed at a bargain. For Big Oil, this... Read More

Chemical Reactors and Process Modeling

Image Chemical Reactors and Process Modeling The chemical and allied industries are of greatest importance for the modern society but their paradigm is changing due to the harsh economic conditions, limited feedstock and high demand of their products. Much emphasis and efforts were devoted to design inherently safer and economic conceptual design, process imagination, process intensification, revamps, energy optimization, and sustainability. The creative efforts/innovations were evaluated against substantial economic advantages and overall sustainability impact. From last two decade, a major shift has begun for above tasks in chemical industry, since there is a need of software tools to help optimization, integration,... Read More

Evaluation of Dietary Treatment with Low FODMAP Diet in Mexican Patients with IB

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Colonic Inflammation after Acute Diverticulitis-A Chronic Disease?” was well written by Dr. Rami Eliakim. The low FODMAP diet... Read More

Crohn's disease

Image Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn's disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract in different people. The inflammation caused by Crohn's disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Crohn's disease can be both painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications. While there's no known cure for Crohn's disease, therapies can greatly reduce its signs and symptoms and even bring about long-term remission. With treatment,... Read More

COVID-19 effects on Women's Health

Image The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology (ISSN: 2161-0681) deals with research on infectious disorders associated with immune system and immunological disorders, infectious diseases, treatment of infectious diseases, infectious medicine, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, infection control, pathophysiology, clinical pathology , preventive medicine. Clinical Pathology deals with patient care, diagnostic services, novel treatments and research on immune infections. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology covers all areas of clinical and experimental pathology. Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Journal of clinical and experimental pathology. As a result of... Read More

Corona virus infection in pregnancy

Image The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology (ISSN: 2161-0681) deals with research on infectious disorders associated with immune system and immunological disorders, infectious diseases, treatment of infectious diseases, infectious medicine, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, infection control, pathophysiology, clinical pathology , preventive medicine. Clinical Pathology deals with patient care, diagnostic services, novel treatments and research on immune infections. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology covers all areas of clinical and experimental pathology. Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Journal of clinical and experimental pathology. Viral infections in pregnancy... Read More

Heterotroph

Image Heterotroph Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Sea cucumbers

Image Sea cucumbers Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Sea cucumbers are echinoderms from the class Holothuroidea. They are marine animals with a leathery skin and an elongated body containing... Read More

Molars (flat teeth at the back of the mouth)

Image On Behalf of Journal of oral hygiene and Health editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The molars or molar teeth are large, flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are more developed in mammals. They are used primarily to grind food during chewing. The name molar derives from Latin, molaris dens, meaning "millstone tooth", from mola, millstone and dens, tooth. Molars show a great deal of diversity in size and shape across mammal groups. A tooth (plural teeth) is a... Read More

Factors associated with an increased risk of potentially inappropriate prescriptions at hospital discharge in comorbid older patients

Image Factors associated with an increased risk of potentially inappropriate prescriptions at hospital discharge in comorbid older patients Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care... Read More

Potential Treatments for Atopic Dermatitis

Image Potential Treatments for Atopic Dermatitis Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of... Read More

Anomalous Origin of Left Circumflex Artery and Left Atrial Circumflex Artery from Super-Dominant Right Coronary Artery

Image  Anomalous Origin of Left Circumflex Artery and Left Atrial Circumflex Artery from Super-Dominant Right Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty... Read More

Sagrada Família – Beauty of Architecture

Image Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology peer reviewed journal that publishes information on Structural engineering, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing, Architect and Professional requirements, Building engineering education, Architectural drawing, Building engineer, Civil engineering, Architectural technology Landscape Architecture connecting with logical researchers around the world. Sagrada Família - The Basílica de la Sagrada Família ('Basilica of the Holy Family) also known as the Sagrada Família, is a large unfinished Roman Catholic minor basilica in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Designed by Spanish/Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí. construction of the Sagrada Família began under architect Francisco de Paula del Villar. In 1883, when Villar... Read More

Neurogenic shock

Image Neurogenic shock is a distributive type of shock resulting in low blood pressure, occasionally with a slowed heart rate, that is attributed to the disruption of the autonomic pathways within the spinal cord. It can occur after damage to the central nervous system, such as spinal cord injury and traumatic brain injury. Low blood pressure occurs due to decreased systemic vascular resistance as a result of lacking sympathetic tone which in turn causes pools of blood staying within the extremities and not being redirected to the core body. The slowed heart rate results from unopposed vagal tone activity and has... Read More

Cancer-induced muscle wasting: latest findings in prevention and treatment

Image Cancer-induced muscle wasting: latest findings in prevention and treatment Cancer cachexia is a severe and disabling clinical condition that frequently accompanies the development of many types of cancer. Muscle wasting is the hallmark of cancer cachexia and is associated with serious clinical consequences such as physical impairment, poor quality of life, reduced tolerance to treatments and shorter survival. Cancer cachexia may evolve through different stages of clinical relevance, namely pre-cachexia, cachexia and refractory cachexia. Given its detrimental clinical consequences, it appears mandatory to prevent and/or delay the progression of cancer cachexia to its refractory stage by implementing the early... Read More

Aortic Aneurysm enlargement (dilatation)

Image An aortic aneurysm is an enlargement (dilatation) of the aorta to greater than 1.5 times normal size. They usually cause no symptoms except when ruptured. Occasionally, there may be abdominal, back, or leg pain. They are most commonly located in the abdominal aorta, but can also be located in the thoracic aorta. Aortic aneurysms cause weakness in the wall of the aorta and increase the risk of aortic rupture. When rupture occurs, massive internal bleeding results and, unless treated immediately, shock and death can occur. Screening with ultrasound is indicated in those at high risk. Prevention is by decreasing risk... Read More

Structural Analysis of Lattice Steel Transmission Towers

Image Lattice Transmission Towers (LTT) and the associated transmission line systems are important infrastructure in modern society. Due to the complicated load conditions and the nonlinear interaction among the large number of structural components, accurate structural analysis of the LTT systems has been a challenging topic for many years. Still today there are some gaps between research and industrial practice. This paper presents a summary of research outcomes from current literature. Recent developments in structural modelling and failure prediction technology are reviewed in terms of connection joints, individual members and structural systems subjected to static and dynamic loads. The advantages and... Read More

The Impact of Paradise in Persian Garden Design

Image From the time that Islam came to Iran, Iranian through Islamic centuries until now a garden is a kind of paradise in people opinion. Surely the reason that caused such belief is dryness of Iran plateau. In the ancient pieces found in Iran, one can see the validity of the gardens, in form of initial stage of time from the mountains and long periods big Iranian plateau, they cultivate their forms, sketch different aspect of their life and their opinion on the earthenware. On some of these pieces, trees surround the river, and some others show the river in four... Read More

Causes of Sudden Unexpected Death in Schizophrenia Patients

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine peer-reviewed and published bi-monthly, offers articles, research notes, review essays and special issues to keep you up-to-date on contemporary issues and controversies within the criminal justice field. Journal of Forensic Medicine  has explored the social, political, and economic contexts of criminal justice and examined victims, criminals, courts, and sanctions. Journal of Forensic Medicine has advanced research in criminology and Forensic Medicine. Through articles, research notes, and special issues, it continues to keep you up to date on contemporary issues and controversies within the Forensic Medicine Field. Journal of Forensic Medicine... Read More

Omeprazole Induced Skin Hyperpigmentation

Image Omeprazole Induced Skin Hyperpigmentation Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management, Patient care, Nursing, Disease and... Read More

Immunological Synapse Molecule

Image Immunological Synapse Molecules Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal... Read More

Bilateral Popliteal Arterial Emboli

Image  Bilateral Popliteal Arterial Emboli Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50 % on one-time article processing charge. Prospective academicians and... Read More

Eye movements

Image Eye movements   Eye movement includes the voluntary or involuntary movement of the eyes, helping in acquiring, fixating and tracking visual stimuli. A special type of eye movement, rapid eye movement, occurs during REM sleep. The eyes are the visual organs of the human body, and move using a system of six muscles. The retina, a specialised type of tissue containing photoreceptors, senses light. These specialised cells convert light into electrochemical signals. These signals travel along the optic nerve fibers to the brain, where they are interpreted as vision in the visual cortex. Primates and many other vertebrates use three types of voluntary eye movement to track objects of interest: smooth pursuit, vergence shifts and saccades.These types of movements... Read More

 Eye Tracking

Image  Eye Tracking Eye tracking is the process of measuring either the point of gaze (where one is looking) or the motion of an eye relative to the head. An eye tracker is a device for measuring eye positions and eye movement. Eye trackers are used in research on the visual system, in psychology, in psycholinguistics, marketing, as an input device for human-computer interaction, and in product design. Eye trackers are also being increasingly used for rehabilitative and assistive applications (related for instance to control of wheel chairs, robotic arms and prostheses). There are a number of methods for measuring eye movement. The most popular variant uses video images from... Read More

AORTIC ANEURYSM

Image AORTIC ANEURYSM  An aortic aneurysm is an enlargement (dilatation) of the aorta to greater than 1.5 times normal size.They usually cause no symptoms except when ruptured.Occasionally, there may be abdominal, back, or leg pain. They are most commonly located in the abdominal aorta, but can also be located in the thoracic aorta. Aortic aneurysms cause weakness in the wall of the aorta and increase the risk of aortic rupture. When rupture occurs, massive internal bleeding results and, unless treated immediately, shock and death can occur. Screening with ultrasound is indicated in those at high risk. Prevention is by decreasing risk factors, such as smoking, and treatment is either by open or endovascular surgery. Aortic... Read More

Dentist’s Role

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Diagnosing oral diseases. Promoting oral health and disease prevention. Creating treatment plans to maintain or restore the oral health of their patients. Interpreting x-rays and diagnostic tests. Ensuring the safe administration of anesthetics.... Read More

Neurovascular bundle

Image A neurovascular bundle is a structure that binds nerves and veins (and in some cases arteries and lymphatics) with connective tissue so that they travel in tandem through the body. Deep versus superficial bundles There are two types of neurovascular bundles: superficial bundles and deep bundles. As arteries do not travel within the superficial fascia (loose connective tissue under the skin), superficial neurovascular bundles differ from deep neurovascular bundles in both composition and function. Superficial neurovascular bundles do not include arteries and consist primarily of capillaries and nerves. Because capillaries function as the sites for material exchange between interstitial fluid... Read More

The visibilities and invisibilities of race entangled with forensic DNA phenotyping technology

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine is a peer reviewed journal, serving the International Scientific Community. This forensic medicine journal with impact factor offers an Open Access platform to the authors to publish their research outcome. Journal of Forensic Medicine is a scholarly Open Access journal that aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on vast topics of Forensic discoveries that include various aspects of Forensic medicine, Forensic medicine and science, forensic veterinary medicine, forensic and legal medicine, forensic medicine and pathology, forensic medicine and toxicology, Clinical Forensic Medicine, DNA Analysis, forensic autopsy,... Read More

Yoga for Everyone.

Image It’s time to roll out your yoga mat and discover the combination of physical and mental exercises that for thousands of years have hooked yoga practitioners around the globe. The beauty of yoga is that you don’t have to be a yogi or yogini to reap the benefits. Whether you are young or old, overweight or fit, yoga has the power to calm the mind and strengthen the body. Don’t be intimidated by yoga terminology, fancy yoga studios and complicated poses. Yoga is for everyone. These 10 poses are a complete yoga workout. Move slowly through each pose, remembering to... Read More

Oil and gas spending estimates adjusted lower as uncertainties persist

Image Oil and gas spending estimates adjusted lower as uncertainties persist New forecasts show dramatically lower expectations for 2020 capital spending in the oil and gas sector both nationally and in Alberta, the province that produces 65 per cent of the country's natural gas and 82 per cent of its oil. The Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers now estimates that $23.3 billion will be spent in the oil and gas production sector in Canada this year, down from about $37 billion in its January forecast. Producers have announced billions of dollars in budget cuts since the start of the year to... Read More

Study shows oil and gas wells have adverse effects on pregnancy

Image Study shows oil and gas wells have adverse effects on pregnancy A study, roughly three years in the making, conducted by a team including UC Berkeley researchers revealed that the negative impacts of oil and gas production reach beyond pollution. Primary investigator and campus alumna Kathy Tran published the study June 3 as part of her dissertation alongside campus professor Rachel Morello-Frosch, assistant professor at Columbia University Joan Casey and assistant professor at San Francisco State University Lara Cushing. Their findings linked adverse birth outcomes to a pregnant woman’s proximity to oil and gas wells in California. The study... Read More

Scientific and Practical Substantiation of Ways of Developing and Introducing Electronic Case Report Forms to Ensure the Quality of Bioequivalence Studies

Image Scientific and Practical Substantiation of Ways of Developing and Introducing Electronic Case Report Forms to Ensure the Quality of Bioequivalence Studies Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews,... Read More

Natural Killer (NK) Cell Receptors and their Role in Pregnancy and Abortion

Image Natural Killer (NK) Cell Receptors and their Role in Pregnancy and Abortion Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for... Read More

Useful Method to Monitor Cerebral Infarction in Atherosclerotic Patients without Atrial Fibrillation by the Combination of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index, and Plasma D-dimer

Image Useful Method to Monitor Cerebral Infarction in Atherosclerotic Patients without Atrial Fibrillation by the Combination of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index, and Plasma D-dimer Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion... Read More

The Suitability of Using Vermicomposting for the Stabilization of Septic Tank Waste

Image Many rural communities are not reticulated, relying on domestic on-site waste water treatment systems. In New Zealand, there are over 270,000 domestic on-site wastewater treatment systems and while 60,000 are for holiday homes the majority are for isolated communities. This compares to 26 million in the USA, 1 million in Australia and 300,000 in the UK. Many systems are simple holding tanks leading to disposal fields which require regular emptying to remove settled septic sludge. Commonly, this sludge is transported long distances to centralised wastewater treatment plants and once treated, and stabilised, may be suitable for beneficial... Read More

Update on Fungal Disease: From Establish Infection to Clinical Manifestation

Image Fungal diseases have emerged as an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially among immunocompromised patients. Pathogenic fungi have evolved an array of virulence factors to survive within the host and to outwit immune defenses. Fungi may cause a wide range of diseases in humans that range in extent from superficial to disseminated infections. Generally, the site of infections classifies the type of fungal disease, which can be divided into superficial, cutaneous, subcutaneous and systemic. In addition, the fungal virulence factors determine whether the infection will become established in the host. A primary pathogen... Read More

Renewable Sources of Energy

Image Renewable Sources of Energy The effect of ozone oxidation on properties of commercial carbon black supported platinum (Pt) nanoparticles for the methanol electro-oxidation reaction. The results indicated that the oxygenated functional groups could be introduced on the carbon black evenly with the increase of processing time. Apparently, mainly introduced oxygenated functional group is carboxyl. Platinum nanoparticles could be uniformly immobilized on the surfaces of carbon black treated with ozone, which has significant high electro-catalytic activity and stability for methanol electro oxidation. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that oxygen-containing groups (mainly for carboxyl functional groups) produced by ozone oxidation... Read More

Great Pyramid of Giza - Architecture

Image Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology peer reviewed journal that publishes information on Structural engineering, Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing, Architect and Professional requirements, Building engineering education, Architectural drawing, Building engineer, Civil engineering, Architectural technology Landscape Architecture connecting with logical researchers around the world. Great Pyramid of Giza - The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering present-day Giza in Greater Cairo, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World,... Read More

Disorders of the digestive tract

Image Digestive diseases are disorders of the digestive tract, which is sometimes called the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In digestion, food and drink are broken down into small parts (called nutrients) that the body can absorb and use as energy and building blocks for cells. The digestive tract is made up of the esophagus (food tube), stomach, large and small intestines, liver, pancreas, and the gallbladder. The first sign of problems in the digestive tract often includes one or more of the following symptoms:     Bleeding     Bloating     Constipation     Diarrhea     Heartburn     Incontinence     Nausea and vomiting     Pain... Read More

Dental teams a better approach against Covid19

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Healththe editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. In the current pandemic, dentists, auxiliaries as well as patients undergoing dental procedures were at high risk of cross-infection. All routine and elective dental procedures should be deferred for a later review... Read More

carbon cycle

Image carbon cycle Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

Marine biodiversity

Image Marine biodiversity Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Marine biology is the scientific study of marine life, organisms in the sea. Given that in biology many ... Read More

Histology of the Central Nervous System

Image The intent of this article is to assist pathologists inexperienced in examining central nervous system (CNS) sections to recognize normal and abnormal cell types as well as some common artifacts. Dark neurons are the most common histologic artifact but, with experience, can readily be distinguished from degenerating (eosinophilic) neurons. Neuron degeneration stains can be useful in lowering the threshold for detecting neuron degeneration as well as for revealing degeneration within populations of neurons that are too small to show the associated eosinophilic cytoplasmic alteration within H&E-stained sections. Neuron degeneration may also be identified by the presence of associated macroglial and... Read More

Pathology and Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Infections

Image Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are important because of the many pathogens, the emerging and reemerging of new infections, and the heavy burden they impose on health care system. The most formidable challenge is the increasing number of people at risk of developing CNS infections due to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and the recipients of hemopoietic and solid organ transplantation and other causes of immunosuppression. There have been significant developments in the last few decades in understanding the biology of disease process by the application of new technologies. Advancements in brain imaging and newer diagnostic modalities have achieved... Read More

Gender-based violence experienced by women seeking asylum in the United State: A lifetime of multiple traumas inflicted by multiple perpetrators

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine is a single-blind peer reviewed international journal. Journal of Forensic Medicine deals with Forensic Medicine, Forensic Science, Toxicology, DNA fingerprinting, sexual medicine, environmental medicine, Forensic Pathology, legal medicine and public health laws. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology explores all aspects of modern day forensics, applying equally to children or adults, either living or the deceased. The range of topics covered includes forensic science, medicine, nursing, and pathology, as well as toxicology, human identification, mass disasters/mass war graves, profiling, imaging, policing, wound assessment, sexual assault, anthropology, archeology, forensic search, entomology, botany,... Read More

Alzheimers Disease (AD)

Image Alzheimer’s is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory loss, difficulty in speech, interference and inability to do day to day activities. As it is a progressive disorder with time it gets worsened and brain gets damaged due to neuronal cell death. In Alzheimer’s synaptic transmissions do not occur to transmit the signals due to the build-up of protein plaques called beta amyloid. It is the most common type of dementia, of about 60-80% of dementia is occurred by Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative... Read More

Retrospective Clinical Study of Patients with Takayasus Arteritis

Image Retrospective Clinical Study of Patients with Takayasus Arteritis Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management, Patient... Read More

Phytochemical Characterization and Antioxidative Property of Ocimum canum: Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Leaves and Seeds on Basic Immunologic and Metabolic Status of Male Rats

Image Phytochemical Characterization and Antioxidative Property of Ocimum canum: Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Leaves and Seeds on Basic Immunologic and Metabolic Status of Male Rats Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and... Read More

Prevalence and Outcomes of Familial Hypercholesterolemia Patients in a Chinese Myocardial Infarction Cohort

Image Prevalence and Outcomes of Familial Hypercholesterolemia Patients in a Chinese Myocardial Infarction Cohort Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up... Read More

Blepharitis

Image Blepharitis   Blepharitis (blef-uh-RYE-tis) is inflammation of the eyelids. Blepharitis usually affects both eyes along the edges of the eyelids. Blepharitis commonly occurs when tiny oil glands near the base of the eyelashes become clogged, causing irritation and redness. Several diseases and conditions can cause blepharitis. Blepharitis is often a chronic condition that's difficult to treat. Blepharitis can be uncomfortable and unsightly. But it usually doesn't cause permanent damage to your eyesight, and it's not contagious. Symptoms Blepharitis signs and symptoms are typically worse in the morning. They include: Watery eyes Red eyes A gritty, burning or stinging sensation... Read More

Stye 

Image Stye  A stye, also known as a hordeolum, is a bacterial infection of an oil gland in the eyelid.  This results in a red tender bump at the edge of the eyelid. The outside or the inside of the eyelid can be affected. The cause of a stye is usually a bacterial infection by Staphylococcus aureus. The internal ones are due to infection of the meibomian gland while the external ones are due to an infection of the gland of Zeis. A chalazion on the other hand is a blocked oil gland without infection. A chalazion is typically in the middle of the eyelid and not painful. Often a stye will go away without any specific treatment... Read More

Heart valve disease

Image Heart valve disease Heart valve disease may be present at birth (congenital). It can also occur in adults due to many causes and conditions, such as infections and other heart conditions. Heart valve problems may include: Regurgitation. In this condition, the valve flaps don't close properly, causing blood to leak backward in your heart. This commonly occurs due to valve flaps bulging back, a condition called prolapse. Stenosis. In valve stenosis, the valve flaps become thick or stiff, and they may fuse together. This results in a narrowed valve opening and reduced blood flow through the valve. Atresia. In this condition, the... Read More

Ischemic Heart Disease

Image Ischemic heart disease is a condition of recurring chest pain or discomfort that occurs when a part of the heart does not receive enough blood. This condition occurs most often during exertion or excitement, when the heart requires greater blood flow. Ischemic heart disease, also called coronary heart disease, is common in the United States and is a leading cause of death worldwide. Ischemic heart disease develops when cholesterol particles in the blood begin to accumulate on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Eventually, deposits called plaques may form. These deposits narrow the arteries and... Read More

Improvement of Torsional Resistance in Ultra-High Performance Fibre Reinforced Concrete Beams

Image This research highlights the effect of concrete cover on the behavior of ultra-high performance fiber reinforced concrete rectangular solid beams under pure torsion. The main parameter in this research is the thickness of concrete cover which is varying between 21 and 52 mm. For this purpose, four under-reinforced ultra-high performance fibre reinforced concrete rectangular solid beams were cast and they were tested under pure equilibrium torsion. The test results verified that the torsional resistance at peak and crack loads were improved up to 113% and 134%, respectively, of the estimated value based on thin walled tube theory. Moreover, all of... Read More

Understanding the Adsorption of Quinoxaline Derivatives as Corrosion Inhibitors

Image The anti-corrosive properties of (E)-3-styrylquinoxalin-2(1H)-one (STQ), (E)-1-benzyl-3-(4-methoxystyryl) quinoxalin-2(1H)-one (BMQ) and (E)-3-(2-(furan-2-yl) vinyl) quinoxalin-2(1H)-one (FVQ) were analyzed by different techniques such as: potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), weight loss (WL) and molecular modeling by DFT method and Monte Carlo simulation studies. All quinoxaline derivatives showed appreciable inhibition efficiency. Among the quinoxaline derivatives studied, BMQ exhibited the best inhibition efficiency. The results from the experimental and theoretical investigations show that the order of inhibition efficiency by the quinoxaline derivatives follow the order BMQ > FVQ> STQ. The experimental results suggest that the three tested inhibitors function as mixed-type compounds and the... Read More

Dentisty in Covid- 19

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary.On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Healththe editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. In the current pandemic, dentists, auxiliaries as well as patients undergoing dental procedures were at high risk of cross-infection. All routine and elective dental procedures should be deferred for a later review until... Read More

Platinum Nanoparticles

Image Platinum Nanoparticles Synthesis of platinum nanoparticles intercalated between layers of commercially available graphite powder samples possessing surface area values ranging from 20 to 750 m2 g-1 was attempted by the insertion of platinum chloride between the layers followed by hydrogen reduction. Platinum nanosheets with 1-4 nm thickness and 5-300 nm width and hexagonal holes were obtained for the graphite powder with 20 m2 g-1 independent of the platinum loadings (5, 10, and 15 wt%). Platinum nanosheets with the similar size (1-4 nm thickness and 5-300 nm width) and hexagonal holes were formed for graphite powder with 120 and 300 m2 g-1 with only 15 wt% platinum loading, but not for... Read More

A brief summary of the origin and relevancy of crop protection in Agriculture

Image The struggle against pests, diseases and weeds commenced at the time that primitive man changed his life style from that of a nomadic hunter to that of a cultivator of crops. Throughout history we read about the devastating effects of the outbreaks of insect pests and plant diseases. A serious famine occurred for example in Ireland during the 1840’s due to the outbreak of Late blight of potatoes caused by the fungi Phytophthora infestans. More than 700 000 germans died of famine and disease due to a potatoe crop failure caused by Late blight and insects at the end of... Read More

Importance of crop science

Image In order to maintain profitable production of useful industrial crops, the Crop Science research focus area is equipped to study the importance of soil and crop cultivation practices in different environments on the growth, yield and quality of our mandated crops. Fully equipped soil, water and plant analytical laboratories support researchers and farmers with data useful on fertilizer recommendations to optimise efficient use of expensive fertilisers. Both commercial and small-scale producers are provided with optimum cultivation packages for cultivars in South Africa. Continuous testing programmes are conducted on newly bred or imported cultivars at different planting dates, plant populations and... Read More

Persistent Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum Driven Anemia in a Treatment Re-infection Pediatric Cohort in a Rural Health District of Cameroon

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine focused on the areas such as Forensic Medicine, acute myeloid leukemia, Lymphangiogenesis, hematological-malignancies, blood-transfusion, serum protein electrophoresis, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, photoacoustics, lymph node biopsy, b-cell-lymphoma, invivo flow cytometry, mojtaba akhtari, molecular weight aspirin. Two distinct fluids move through the circulatory system: blood and lymph. Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells, and carries waste materials away. Blood also carries hormones, which control body processes, and antibodies, to fight invading germs. The heart is the pump that keeps this transport system moving. Together, the blood, heart, and blood... Read More

AAS abuse

Image According to the United States Department of Justice, 0.5% of the adult population in the United States (approximately 1,084,000 people) self-administer anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) in order to improve male-specific traits . The National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that a half million junior high school-aged children in the United States use AAS for this same purpose. Worldwide, a significant number of amateur and professional athletes use AASs to increase physical size, strength and athletic performance. The adverse health effects of AAS abuse has recently prompted the Endocrine Society to re-publish a formal position paper detailing their impacting not only... Read More

Synthetic/ club drugs

Image With global realization that use of synthetic drugs is not safe on the long run, the medical fraternity at large is looking at alternatives from natural sources to combat diseases particularly those in which conventional modern system of medicine has little to offer. This realization on the one hand has increased demand for herbal drugs and on the other hand need for quality standardization of drugs has gone up. The standardization of herbal drugs used in Unani system of medicine such as Sufoof Jawahir Mohra which is prescribed in Unani system for therapeutic use as tonic to multiple vital organs... Read More

A1C blood test estimates your blood sugar levels

Image Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood.   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It happens when your body attacks your pancreas with antibodies. The organ is damaged and doesn't make insulin. Your genes might cause this type of diabetes. It could also happen because of problems with cells in your pancreas that make insulin.   Many of the health problems that can come with type 1 happen because of damage to tiny blood vessels in your eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). People with type 1 also have a higher... Read More

Pre-diabetes can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease

Image Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is higher than it should be but not high enough for your doctor to diagnose diabetes. More than a third of people in the United States have it, but most of them don’t know it.   Prediabetes can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Exercising more and losing extra pounds, even as little as 5% to 7% of your body weight, can lower those risks.   The cause of prediabetes is multifactorial and is known to have contributions from lifestyle and genetic factors. Ultimately prediabetes occurs when control of insulin and... Read More

Clinical Guideline for Treatment of Symptomatic Thoracic Spinal Stenosis

Image Thoracic spinal stenosis is a relatively common disorder causing paraplegia in the population of China. Until nowadays, the clinical management of thoracic spinal stenosis is still demanding and challenging with lots of questions remaining to be answered. A clinical guideline for the treatment of symptomatic thoracic spinal stenosis has been created by reaching the consensus of Chinese specialists using the best available evidence as a tool to aid practitioners involved with the care of this disease. In this guideline, many fundamental questions about thoracic spinal stenosis which were controversial have been explained clearly, including the definition of... Read More

Understanding Antibody Testing for COVID-19

Image The orthopedic community has seen the COVID-19 pandemic decimate elective surgical volumes in most geographies. Patients and essential workers, such as health care providers, remain rightfully concerned about how to appropriately begin to return to work and community activity in a safe and responsible manner. Many believe that testing for the presence of antibodies on a widespread scale could help drive evidence-based decision-making, both on an individual and societal scale. Much information, and an equal amount of misinformation, has been produced on antibody testing. Education about the role and science of such testing is critically important for... Read More

COVID-19 - Preparing for the new normal in Oil & Gas

Image COVID-19 - Preparing for the new normal in Oil & Gas As the oil executives of India’s major oil companies met in mid-March, they were looking back at yet another year of growth in the demand for oil. Looking ahead, they likely had some apprehensions about pace of economic growth. However, the possibility of seeing the first contraction of oil demand in nearly half a century may not have crossed their minds. The next couple of weeks brought an unprecedented situation. The demand for transport and industrial fuel didn’t just soften; it contracted sharply in most parts of the world.... Read More

What is biodefense?

Image Biodefense refers to measures to restore biosecurity to a group of organisms who are, or may be, subject to biological threats or infectious diseases. Biodefense is frequently discussed in the context of bio war or bioterrorism, and is generally considered a military or emergency response term. Biodefense applies to two distinct target populations: civilian non-combatant and military combatant (troops in the field). Protection of water supplies and food supplies are often a critical part of biodefense. It is important to note that all of the classical and modern biological weapons organisms are animal diseases, the only exception being smallpox. Thus,... Read More

COVID-19 impact on the Oil & Gas industry

Image COVID-19 impact on the Oil & Gas industry The Indian Oil & Gas (O&G) industry is notable in the global context – it contributes to 5.2% of the global oil demand, is among the top three large markets in demand growth and 4th in the world in refining capacity (~249 MTPA). India is also very imports-dependent, with oil imports at 84% and gas imports at 53% of their respective annual demands. Incidentally, O&G imports constituted ~25% of India’s import bill in FY’19. Therefore the impact of COVID-19, whether due to the wide-spread demand destruction, or the downward spiral of crude... Read More

Hydrogen Energy

Image Hydrogen Energy The effect of ozone oxidation on properties of commercial carbon black supported platinum (Pt) nanoparticles for the methanol electro-oxidation reaction. The results indicated that the oxygenated functional groups could be introduced on the carbon black evenly with the increase of processing time. Apparently, mainly introduced oxygenated functional group is carboxyl. Platinum nanoparticles could be uniformly immobilized on the surfaces of carbon black treated with ozone, which has significant high electro-catalytic activity and stability for methanol electro oxidation. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that oxygen-containing groups (mainly for carboxyl functional groups) produced by ozone oxidation are good... Read More

Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis using Galactomannan and (1-3)-Beta-D-Glucan Assays

Image Invasive Aspergillosis is an opportunistic mycotic infection witha mortality rate of 15-30% depending on when the infection isdiagnosed and type of therapy elected. While therequirement for a diagnosis of proven invasive pulmonaryaspergillosis remains a lung biopsy for histopathology andculture, these patients are immunocompromised by definitionand such an invasive procedure is often not recommended. Empiric treatment, likewise, is not ideal because the antifungalsrequired to treat invasive aspergillosis are expensive withtreatment of IA in the hospital reaching almost $2900 per dayand antifungals are notoriously toxic. Therefore,diagnosticians increasingly rely on alternative, less invasivetesting. The problem with Aspergillus testing is... Read More

Immune response to COVID-19 may contribute to disease severity

Image A new USC study suggests that temporarily suppressing the body's immune system during the early stages of COVID-19 could help a patient avoid severe symptoms. An interaction between the body's two main lines of defense may be causing the immune system to go into overdrive in some patients. The body's first line of defense, the innate immune response, starts right after an infection, like an infantry going after a foreign invader, killing the virus and any cells damaged by it. The second line of defense, the adaptive immune response, kicks in days later if any virus remains, employing what it has learned... Read More

Tooth Surface Loss Associated With Oral Home Care Devices

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Universal consensus affirms the role of dental plaque as the single most significant etiology of dental caries and gingivitis. To prevent the occurrence of these destructive diseases, the removal of plaque... Read More

Recent Published paper in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

Bacterial Modes of Action for Enhancing of Plant Growth

Image The greatest issue affecting the sustainability of broad acre cropping both environmentally and economically is the requirement of fertilizers. These are based on mined phosphorous or other mineral ores, ammonia produced through the Harbour-Bosch process and industrially manufactured potash. As global demand for fertilizers increases, the costs associated with the production for each of these major nutrients increases. Biofertilizers such as plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) are a possible biotechnology that could alleviate the need for addition of increasing amounts of fertilizers. These bacteria naturally occur in soils and aggressively colonize... Read More

Earlier published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Identification of Core Microorganism in Anammox Consortia

Image Anammox is a novel and sustainable wastewater treatment technology which attracts much attention. The impossible isolation of pure anammox bacteria makes the issue about which bacteria types mainly involved in the anammox consortia meaningful but still lacks of investigation nowadays. In order to elucidate the core constituent of anammox consortia, we investigated microbial communities of six anammox consortia with different origins and activities by cloning 16S rRNA gene region. It is found that the stable anammox consortia have similar community structure, even with different origins (e.g. activated sludge and ground water). The bacteria species... Read More

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Image Traumatic Brain injury also called as intracranial injury is the injury caused due to external mechanical force resulting in permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical functions. Based on the severity of the injury symptoms alter with mild to severe alteration in cognitive, social, emotional, behavioural, physical symptoms. Second injury is caused after the primary resulting in alteration of cerebral blood flow and pressure within the skull. Diagnosis of TBI is done through CT scan, MRI. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused... Read More

Eutrophication

Image Eutrophication Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Eutrophication (from Greek eutrophos, "well-nourished"), or hypertrophication, is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients which induce excessive growth of ... Read More

Algal bloom

Image Algal bloom Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

A combo of fasting plus vitamin C is effective for hard-to-treat cancers, study shows

Image A combo of fasting plus vitamin C is effective for hard-to-treat cancers, study shows Researchers have discovered that a fasting-mimicking diet could be more effective at treating some types of cancer when combined with vitamin C. In studies on mice, researchers found that the combination delayed tumor progression in multiple mouse models of colorectal cancer; in some mice, it caused disease regression. Scientists from USC and the IFOM Cancer Institute in Milan have found that a fasting-mimicking diet could be more effective at treating some types of cancer when combined with vitamin C. The researchers said that while fasting... Read More

Peptic ulcers

Image Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain. Peptic ulcers include: Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum) The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and long-term use of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (Advil, Aleve, others). Stress and spicy foods do not... Read More

Retrospective Analysis of Lsias Verses Pharmacological Management in Acute Anal Fissure

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Retrospective Analysis of Lsias Verses Pharmacological Management in Acute Anal Fissure; A Study in Zonal Service Hospital” was well written by Dr. Jani B. Background:... Read More

Awareness of Disease, Drugs, and Compliance among Hypertensive Patients

Image Awareness of Disease, Drugs, and Compliance among Hypertensive Patients Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management,... Read More

Effects of Fermented Cheese Whey on the Cells of the Immune System of Apparently Healthy Albino Rats

Image Effects of Fermented Cheese Whey on the Cells of the Immune System of Apparently Healthy Albino Rats Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure... Read More

A Consecutive Series of all Sub types of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient Admitted to an Academic Coronary Care Unit

Image A Consecutive Series of all Subtypes of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient Admitted to an Academic Coronary Care Unit Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at... Read More

Eye color

Image  Eye color Eye color is a polygenic phenotypic character determined by two distinct factors: the pigmentation of the eye's iris and the frequency-dependence of the scattering of light by the turbid medium in the stroma of the iris. In humans, the pigmentation of the iris varies from light brown to black, depending on the concentration of melanin in the iris pigment epithelium (located on the back of the iris), the melanin content within the iris stroma (located at the front of the iris), and the cellular density of the stroma. The appearance of blue and green, as well as hazel eyes, results... Read More

Intraocular pressure

Image Intraocular pressure Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the fluid pressure inside the eye. Tonometry is the method eye care professionals use to determine this. IOP is an important aspect in the evaluation of patients at risk of glaucoma. Most tonometers are calibrated to measure pressure in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Intraocular pressure is measured with a tonometer as part of a comprehensive eye examination. Influencing factors Daily variation Intraocular pressure varies throughout the night and day. The diurnal variation for normal eyes is between 3 and 6 mmHg and the variation may increase in glaucomatous eyes. During the night,... Read More

Systolic Pressure

Image Systolic Pressure Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. Most of this pressure is due to work done by the heart by pumping blood through the circulatory system. Used without further specification, "blood pressure" usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heartbeats) and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure. Blood pressure is one of the vital signs, along with respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. Normal resting blood pressure, in an adult is approximately 120 millimetres of mercury (16 kPa) systolic, and... Read More

Dentists’ Perception and level of Satisfaction

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. According to the World Health Organization estimates, individuals with disabilities comprise 10% of the population in developed countries and 12% of the population in developing countries. Saudi Arabia has undergone rapid economic development in... Read More

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Image Coronary heart disease (CHD), or coronary artery disease, develops when the coronary arteries become too narrow. The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart. CHD tends to develop when cholesterol builds up on the artery walls, creating plaques. These plaques cause the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow to the heart. A clot can sometimes obstruct the blood flow, causing serious health problems. Coronary arteries form the network of blood vessels on the surface of the heart that feed it oxygen. If these arteries narrow, the heart may not receive enough oxygen rich... Read More

EBSD Analysis and Hot Tensile Properties of Pulsed Current Gas Tungsten Arc Welded Super 304h Austenitic Stainless Steel Joints

Image Super 304H austenitic stainless steel tubes containing 2.3 to 3 (%wt) of Cu is mainly used in superheaters and reheater of ultra-supercritical boilers. Welding high alloyed steels such as stainless steels can result in local variation of alloying elements within the weld metal and such segregation may affect the high temperature properties of the weld joint. It is preferable to control the solidification structure of the weld by altering the prevailing thermal gradients in the weld pool during welding. The effect of current pulsing on microstructure and hot tensile properties of filler added gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) of super... Read More

The Impression of Enclosure in Persian Garden Design

Image The presence of enclosure has been a significant characteristic of Persian gardens in Pre-Islamic and Islamic eras. This concept is also reflected in Persian ate miniature painting where buildings are enclosed by a light fence or a wall. In some cases, especially house gardens, the wall looks much stronger, probably to protect the security of the enclosed area. The organic arrangement of natural elements in the garden associated with the pavilion, however, is in contradiction to the presence of the enclosure. It can be said that in numerous paintings, water is not enclosed anymore, but it is the building (and... Read More

Significance of intracranial gas on post-mortem computed tomography in traumatic cases in the context of medico-legal opinions

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine is a single-blind peer reviewed international journal. Journal of Forensic Medicine deals with Forensic Medicine, Forensic Science, Toxicology, DNA fingerprinting, sexual medicine, environmental medicine, Forensic Pathology, legal medicine and public health laws. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology explores all aspects of modern day forensics, applying equally to children or adults, either living or the deceased. The range of topics covered includes forensic science, medicine, nursing, and pathology, as well as toxicology, human identification, mass disasters/mass war graves, profiling, imaging, policing, wound assessment, sexual assault, anthropology, archeology, forensic search, entomology, botany, biology, veterinary pathology, and DNA. Forensic... Read More

Burnout in physicians who are exposed to workplace violence

Image The Journal of Forensic Medicine publishes topical articles on aspects of forensic medicine. Specifically the Journal supports research that explores the medical principles of care and forensic assessment of individuals, whether adult or child, in contact with the judicial system. The Journal of Forensic Medicine is a fully peer-review hybrid journal with a broad international perspective. The Journal of Forensic Medicine accepts submissions of original research, review articles, and pertinent case studies, editorials, and commentaries in relevant areas of Forensic Medicine, Context of Practice, and Education and Training. Each issue of the journal features original articles on new examination and... Read More

Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed diuresis

Image Polyuria is excessive or an abnormally large production or passage of urine (greater than 2.5 L or 3 L over 24 hours in adults). Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed diuresis. Polyuria often appears in conjunction with polydipsia (increased thirst), though it is possible to have one without the other, and the latter may be a cause or an effect. Psychogenic polydipsia may lead to polyuria. Polyuria is usually viewed as a symptom or sign of another ... Read More

Polyphagia or hyperphagia is an abnormally strong sensation of hunger

Image Polyphagia or hyperphagia is an abnormally strong sensation of hunger or desire to eat often leading to or accompanied by overeating. In contrast to an increase in appetite following exercise, polyphagia does not subside after eating and often leads to rapid intake of excessive quantities of food. Polyphagia is not a disorder by itself, rather it is a symptom indicating an underlying medical condition. It is frequently a result of abnormal blood glucose levels (both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia), and, along with polydipsia and polyuria, it is one of the "3 Ps" commonly associated... Read More

Multi-material additive manufacturing technologies for Fe-based biomaterials

Image The growing interest in multi-functional metallic biomaterials for bone substitutes challenges the current additive manufacturing technologies. It is foreseeable that advances in multi-material AM for metallic biomaterials will not only allow for complex geometrical designs, but also improve their multi-functionalities by tuning the types or compositions of the underlying base materials, thereby presenting unprecedented opportunities for advanced orthopedic treatments. AM technologies are yet to be extensively explored for the fabrication of multi-functional metallic biomaterials, especially for bone substitutes. Five AM technologies suitable for metal 3D printing are compared against the requirements... Read More

Genetically engineered microorganisms for bioremediation processes

Image Genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs) have shown potential for bioremediation applications in soil, groundwater, and activated sludge environments, exhibiting enhanced degradative capabilities encompassing a wide range of chemical contaminants. However, the vast majority of studies pertaining to genetically engineered microbial bioremediation are supported by laboratory-based experimental data. In general, relatively few examples of GEM applications in environmental ecosystems exist. Unfortunately, the only manner in which to fully address the competence of GEMs in bioremediation efforts is through long-term field release studies. It is therefore essential that field studies be performed to acquire... Read More

Eye Lids appearance

Image  Eye Lids APPEARANCE The appearance of the human upper eyelid often varies between different populations. The prevalence of an epicanthic fold covering the inner corner of the eye may reach up to 90% in East Asian and Southeast Asian populations and is found in varying degrees in others. Separately, but also similarly varying between populations, the crease of the remainder of the eyelid may form either a "single eyelid", a "double eyelid", or an intermediate form. Eyelids can be found in other animals, some of which may have a... Read More

Tears composition

Image TEARS COMPOSITION Tears are a clear liquid secreted by the lacrimal glands (tear gland) found in the eyes of all land mammals (except for goats and rabbits). Their functions include lubricating the eyes (basal tears), removing irritants (reflex tears), and aiding the immune system.Tears also occur as a part of the body's natural pain response. Humans are the only mammals known to produce tears as part of an emotional response, such as out of joy or grief. Tears have symbolic significance among humans (see crying).Emotional secretion of tears may serve a biological function... Read More

Heart Attack

Image Heart Attack Heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired.About 30% of people have atypical symptoms Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had... Read More

The Role of Vitamin D in Pediatric Orthopedics

Image Vitamin D is an essential component of bone metabolism in the growth and development of the pediatric skeleton, which can be acutely affected by changes to the body’s vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate levels, resulting in pathologic conditions such as rickets or fractures. Bone homeostasis can be acutely affected by changes to the body’s vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate levels, resulting in pathologic conditions such as vitamin D–dependent rickets, osteoporosis, and a predisposition to fractures. Within the last decade, multiple studies have demonstrated the potential health benefits of vitamin D supplementation,... Read More

Is An Oil Supply Shortage Inevitable?

Image Is An Oil Supply Shortage Inevitable? Oil prices are rising as supply shut ins mount and oil demand seems to be turning a corner. Some oil market analysts even warn that a supply deficit could be on the horizon, one that could balloon in the coming years because of the damage done today. Demand remains sharply down, but April is widely considered the nadir, even if consumption remains depressed for months to come. Several European countries, along with a number of U.S. states, are easing stay-at-home orders. “While there is still some doubt surrounding the production trends, the market... Read More

Latest Published paper in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

First published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Soil organic matter

Image Soil organic matter Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  The organic matter in soil derives from plants, animals and microorganisms. In a forest, for example, leaf litter and woody material... Read More

Organic matter

Image Organic matter Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

Stroke Rehabilitation For Gait Training With Cyborg Type Robot Hybrid Assistive Limb

Image Approximately 795,000 people experience a stroke annually, and 60%, or approximately 465,000 of those require some type of rehabilitation. Not all strokes are created equal, they are as unique as the patients who experience them. During the acute hospitalization, families are searching for predictive signs of recovery, and as nurses we want to provide them that support. Unfortunately, it is not often plausible to predict the recovery trajectory that any stroke patient will take. What we do know is that, with timely interventions, we are seeing improved outcomes, although complete recovery may not be possible. The rehabilitation goal is to... Read More

Dynamics of Filtration

Image Dynamics of Filtration The dynamics of filtration efficiency during graphite nanoparticles aerosol filtration on fibrous filters was investigated. The influence of water droplets in feed gas on filtration efficiency, pressure drop as well as the form and shape of filtration deposits collected on filter was examined. Moreover, the mass distribution of collected deposits in individual layers in the case of multilayer filters was examined. We have observed that during the filtration of graphite aerosol in the presence of water droplets the observed pressure drop is significantly greater than during the filtration of sole graphite aerosol. On the other hand, the... Read More

Gastointestinal Disorders

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Gastrointestinal disorders is the term used to refer to any condition or disease that occurs within the gastrointestinal tract. The gastrointestinal tract (also called the GI tract) is a series of hollow organs... Read More

Brain Research : Spinal cord injury

Image Spinal cord injury is the damage caused to the spinal cord that results in functional changes either temporary or permanent. Depending on the severity of spinal cord injury symptoms vary widely which includes loss of sensation, loss of muscle function termed as complete injury. Incomplete injury includes few of the nervous signals are able to travel across the injured area of spinal cord. Symptoms can vary from numbness to paralysis. Spinal cord injuries are caused by physical trauma such as falls, sports injuries, accidents, can also result from infection, insufficient blood flow (ischemic), tumors. Spinal cord injuries... Read More

Acupuncture as a Treatment Modality for Low Back Pain

Image Acupuncture as a Treatment Modality for Low Back Pain Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management,... Read More

Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literatures

Image Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literatures Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease... Read More

Ankle and Toe-Brachial Pressure Index after Exercise in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

Image Ankle and Toe-Brachial Pressure Index after Exercise in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50... Read More

The Emerging Oil and Gas Industry in Ghana: A Saviour or a Slayer?

Image The Emerging Oil and Gas Industry in Ghana: A Saviour or a Slayer? Ghana in 2007 struck oil in commercial quantities. These discoveries have generated interest around the world as it is the biggest finds in Africa in recent times. As a result there has been the continual influx of International Oil Companies (IOC’s) to augment the activities of Ghana National Petroleum Company (GNPC) in tapping this national resource to the wider benefit of the nation. The most crucial and critical question that bothers the minds of every Ghanaian is how best can this rich natural resource can be turned... Read More

Polymerization Chemistry

Image Polymerization Chemistry Polymerization and modification play central roles in polymer chemistry and are generally implemented in two steps, which suffer from the time-consuming two-step strategy and present considerable challenge for complete modification. By introducing the radical cascade reaction (RCR) into polymer chemistry, a one-step strategy is demonstrated to achieve synchronized polymerization and complete modification in situ. Attributed to the cascade feature of iron-catalyzed three-component alkene carboazidation RCR exhibiting carbon-carbon bond formation and carbon-azide bond formation with extremely high efficiency and selectivity in one step, radical cascade polymerization therefore enables the in situ synchronized polymerization through continuous carbon-carbon bond formation and... Read More

Rift Valley Fever in Chronic Carrier and Liver Manifestation

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence is planning to release volume 10 with quality articles in the field of bioterrorism & biodefence. Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) causes certain type of hemorrhagic fever. In Egypt, during September 2017, RVFV was detected in samples from imported cattle (country of origin: the Sudan). Samples were collected from imported cattle from different localities in Cairo during October, November, December 2017. This study proves that RVFV causes chronic diseases and carriers are present in the endemic areas. The RVFV main arthropod hosts are mosquitoes. Man and wide range of mammal’s species are susceptible of variables degree.... Read More

Dental caries becomes a major public health concern

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Dental caries or tooth decay is a breakdown of teeth due to bacterial activities. This phenomenon develops eating problem and produce pain. One of the damages of dental caries in bacterial breakdown is the... Read More

Stroke

Image Stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It is the No. 5 cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures). When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it and brain cells die. What are the types of stroke? Stroke can be caused either by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain... Read More

Dentists' Perception of the Care of Patients

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The awareness of the importance of oral heath as a part of general health is becoming widespread. However, dental care remains the most common unmet health care need. In a study... Read More

Time-Dependent Composite Effect Of The Curved Steel-Concrete Composite Beams In Construction Stage

Image In order to accurately analyse the mechanical behaviour of the steel-concrete composite beams in construction stage, firstly the change law of the shear strength of the stud connectors with the concrete age was studied using the push-out test, in which the time-dependent shear strength formula of the stud connectors was obtained. Secondly, model tests of two simply-supported curved composite beams were carried out during the casting process of concrete slab, the ANSYS finite element models were built with the time-dependent shear strength formula applied in it, and then the experimental and numerical results were verified for each other. On the... Read More

Case Study on Retrofit of Steel Plate Shear Walls Using Low Yield Point Steel Infill Plates

Image Steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) have been frequently used in seismic design and retrofit of buildings over the past three decades or so. Employment of infill plates made of low yield point (LYP) steel with considerably low yield stress and high elongation capacity is believed to provide the possibility in order to improve the structural and seismic characteristics of such lateral force-resisting systems. Among the various benefits is the early yielding of LYP steel infill plates, which can result in greater energy absorption capacity and limitation of the plastic deformation demand to the surrounding frame structure. On this basis, a... Read More

Study reveals low-dose aspirin reduces liver cancer risk

Image Study reveals low-dose aspirin reduces liver cancer risk The findings come from an analysis published in the New England Journal of Medicine and conducted by a team led by investigators at the Karolinska Institutet, in Sweden, and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Washington D.C. [USA]: Adults who took low-dose aspirin were less likely to develop liver cancer and die from the liver disease-related causes, suggests a recent study. The findings come from an analysis published in the New England Journal of Medicine and conducted by a team led by investigators at the Karolinska Institutet, in Sweden, and Massachusetts General Hospital... Read More

A diversity of approaches to address the challenge of drug-resistance in malaria

Image For several decades, the phenomenon of drug resistance has remained the greatest challenge to malaria control, and it is part of the obstacles that sapped the dream of seeing malaria eradicated in the years 1970s. So far, resistance has been fully established in three of the five Plasmodium species responsible for human malaria (P. falciparum, P vivax and P. malariae). By WHO “drug resistance” is defined as “the ability of a parasite strain to survive or multiply despite the administration and absorption of a drug given in doses equal to or higher than those usually recommended but... Read More

Phytoremediation: Right Plants for Right Pollutants

Image Pollutants are not necessarily born as pollutants. On the contrary, they may be resourcesapplied in the wrong places. Incorrect uses, accidental releases and/or technical limits make them harmful to ourenvironment. Following agricultural and industrial development, pollutants have formed a huge stereo-network on earth, existing in the water, soil and air. Many measures were taken successfully to treat the pollution of water or soil, but not so for air pollution. Furthermore, air pollutants can reach even more widespread locations, including the Antarctic and even the stratospheric ozone layer. Is there a way to potentially remove the pollutantsfrom water,... Read More

Development of Solid Acid Catalyst from Biomass Obtained from Cake of Vitellaria paradoxa

Image   Development of Solid Acid Catalyst from Biomass Obtained from Cake of Vitellaria paradoxa An integrated approach is needed to make biodiesel production cost-effective and a suitable choice of fuel. This study was therefore designed to utilize the seed cake of Vitellaria paradoxa obtained during oil extraction stage for the synthesis of a solid acid catalyst capable of hydrolysis and/or esterification reaction. The seed cake was pyrolyzed in an inert tube furnace at 420°C for 5 h, and then sulfonated in fuming sulphuric acid (15 wt.%) at 150°C for 10 h to obtain a biomass-derived catalyst. The catalyst was characterized... Read More

People with prediabetes are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Image prediabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Normal blood sugar levels sit between 70 and 99 mg/dL, whereas a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dL.Theprediabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. People with prediabetes are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they do not usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes.The risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are similar. They include: being overweight... Read More

Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves

Image Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.                            Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.   There are a few different types of diabetes:   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s... Read More

Myocardial Infraction

Image Myocardial infraction A myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired.About 30% of people have atypical symptoms Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years... Read More

Tears

Image Tears Tears are a clear liquid secreted by the lacrimal glands (tear gland) found in the eyes of all land mammals (except for goats and rabbits). Their functions include lubricating the eyes (basal tears), removing irritants (reflex tears), and aiding the immune system.Tears also occur as a part of the body's natural pain response. Humans are the only mammals known to produce tears as part of an emotional response, such as out of joy or grief. Tears have symbolic significance among humans (see crying).Emotional secretion of tears may serve a biological function by... Read More

Eye lids

Image  Eye Lids An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects an eye. The levator palpebrae superioris muscle retracts the eyelid, exposing the cornea to the outside, giving vision. This can be either voluntarily or involuntarily. The human eyelid features a row of eyelashes along the eyelid margin, which serve to heighten the protection of the eye from dust and foreign debris, as well as from perspiration. "Palpebral" (and "blepharal") means relating to the eyelids. Its key function is to regularly spread the tears and other secretions... Read More

Molecular Mechanism of Attenuated Inverse Agonism of ARBs for Active-State of AT1 receptor

Image Molecular Mechanism of Attenuated Inverse Agonism of ARBs for Active-State of AT1 receptor Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion,... Read More

Coexistence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Graves ‘disease

Image Coexistence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Graves ‘disease Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the... Read More

Evaluation of Platelet Parameters as Prognostic Analysis in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients

Image Evaluation of Platelet Parameters as Prognostic Analysis in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up... Read More

Detection Efficiency Comparison of the UV-APS and TACBIO using Inert Fluorescent and Biological Particles

Image The article on “Detection Efficiency Comparison of the UV-APS and TACBIO using Inert Fluorescent and Biological Particles” published in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence. Airborne CB threats have evolved into a serious and omnipresent battlefield threat against US military forces. Real time sampling and detection of airborne CB threats is an essential tool in the war against terrorism. In the battlefield arena it is necessary to detect, sample, and identify the presence of chemical, biological, and nuclear aerosols in near real time to mount an adequate defense and reduce casualties. Government agencies employ portable fluorescent based aerosol... Read More

Climate

Image Climate Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Atmospheric pressure

Image Atmospheric pressure Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Atmospheric pressure, also known as barometric pressure (after the barometer), is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth. The ... Read More

Modeling of Pore Pressure using Artificial Neural Networks

Image Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas The oil and gas sector has suffered a tumultuous start to 2020 in the wake of Covid-19. Overall, the energy sector – a key pillar of many FDI strategies – is forecasted by GlobalData to face downward earnings revisions of 208% in 2020, with the shock compounded by the oil price crash. Oil prices have decreased by around 50% since January 2020, with the US market reporting record lows. With countries on lockdown there is significantly less of all activity, and the demand for oil and gas has fallen spectacularly.... Read More

Colonic Inflammation after Acute Diverticulitis-A Chronic Disease?

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. This peer reviewed journal includes following topics but are not limited to: Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Digestive Diseases, Pancereatic Diseases, Gall bladder and bilary tract, Esophageal diseases, Gastrointestinal infections, Bowel endometriosis, Clinical infectious diseases, Celiac Disease, Colon Disorders, Colitis, Inflammatory Bowel... Read More

Transmembrane proteins were generally cell receptors

Image Cells have proteins called receptors that bind to signaling molecules and initiate a physiological response. Different receptors are specific for different molecules. Dopamine receptors bind dopamine, insulin receptors bind insulin, nerve growth factor receptors bind nerve growth factor, and so on. In fact, there are hundreds of receptor types found in cells, and varying cell types have different populations of receptors. Receptors can also respond directly to light or pressure, which makes cells sensitive to events in the atmosphere. Receptors are generally transmembrane proteins, which bind to signaling molecules outside the cell and subsequently transmit the signal... Read More

Recent Transmission of diseases

Image Overview  Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact. Certain types of viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi can all cause infectious disease. Malaria, measles, and respiratory illnesses are examples of infectious diseases.  Simple preventative measures, such as frequent hand washing, can cut down on disease transmission.   Direct contact  Infectious diseases are often spread through direct contact. Types of direct contact include:   1. Person-to-person contact  Infectious diseases are commonly transmitted through direct person-to-person contact. Transmission occurs when an infected person touches or exchanges body fluids with someone else. This can happen before an infected... Read More

Complex Clubfoot Treatment With Ponseti Method

Image Complex clubfoot is a term used to describe those feet that present after treatment with a short first metatarsal, severe plantar flexion of all metatarsals, rigid equinus, and deep folds through the sole of the foot and above the heel. Ponseti has described a modification of his original technique for the treatment of the deformity. Few series have reported the treatment outcomes of this group of patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze mid-term results and complications of a large multicenter cohort. Patients with complex clubfoot treated at 6 tertiary-care institutions with... Read More

Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas

Image Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas The oil and gas sector has suffered a tumultuous start to 2020 in the wake of Covid-19. Overall, the energy sector – a key pillar of many FDI strategies – is forecasted by GlobalData to face downward earnings revisions of 208% in 2020, with the shock compounded by the oil price crash. Oil prices have decreased by around 50% since January 2020, with the US market reporting record lows. With countries on lockdown there is significantly less of all activity, and the demand for oil and gas has fallen spectacularly.... Read More

Researchers identify cells likely targeted by COVID-19 virus

Image Researchers identify cells likely targeted by COVID-19 virus Researchers have identified specific types of cells that appear to be the targets of the SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus that is causing the Covid-19 pandemic. Researchers at MIT; the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard; and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; along with colleagues from around the world have identified specific types of cells that appear to be targets of the coronavirus that is causing the Covid-19 pandemic. Using existing data on the RNA found in different types of cells, the researchers were able to search for cells that express... Read More

Transitions of Care Handover Cards and Application in a Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Training Program

Image Transitions of Care Handover Cards and Application in a Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Training Program Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling,... Read More

Keep Eyes on Integrins

Image Keep Eyes on Integrins Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of... Read More

Calcinosis Cutis Associated with Severe Atherosclerosis and Severe Calcific Aortic Stenosis: Case Report

Image Calcinosis Cutis Associated with Severe Atherosclerosis and Severe Calcific Aortic Stenosis: Case Report Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up... Read More

Chronic Periodontitis and Systemic Health

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The term periodontitis is used to describe a group of multifactorial diseases that result in the progressive destruction of the structures that support the teeth within the jaws, the so-called attachment... Read More

Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles of mastication and/or associated structures .The temporomandibular joint connects the mandible to the temporal bone. It... Read More

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Image Peripheral artery disease is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries serving the legs, stomach, arms and head. (“Peripheral” in this case means away from the heart, in the outer regions of the body.) PAD most commonly affects arteries in the legs. Both PAD and coronary artery disease (CAD) are caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis narrows and blocks arteries in critical regions of the body. Quick facts about PAD The most common symptoms of PAD involving the lower extremities are cramping, pain or tiredness in the leg or hip muscles while walking or climbing stairs. Typically, this pain goes away with rest... Read More

Risk, Fragility and Reliability Analyses in Structural Engineering

Image It has been for a long time that the structural systems’ load and strength were considered in a deterministic manner by engineers and design codes. In this case, a safety factor was defined based on the ratio between the strength and the applied load on structure, which usually referred as the measure of the reliability of the considered structure. However, in the recent years, the researchers found that because of the uncertainties available in the strength, loadings and modeling of the structural system, the traditional deterministic approach cannot be considered accurate anymore. Hence, the probabilistic techniques have developed and are... Read More

Recent Studies on Steel Plate Shear Wall Systems

Image Steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) have been used as the primary or part of the primary lateral force-resisting system in design and retrofit of buildings. Development and use of low yield point (LYP) steel with considerably low yield stress and high elongation capacity nowadays provides the possibility to design SPSW systems with improved serviceability, structural performance, and enhanced energy absorption characteristics. This paper provides a review of recent studies performed by the first author on the seismic design and retrofit of SPSW systems using LYP steel material. The results and findings of these studies form the groundwork for future research... Read More

Oxford Farming Conference 2020

Image The 11th annual Oxford Farming Conference 2020 set its sights on managing global food systems in innovative and environmentally sustainable ways. In line with the world’s sustainable development goals as outlined by the UN, the conference explored the current challenges the agricultural sector faces, with the need to ensure food security, the duty to protect natural ecosystems, and the necessity to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions. In line with the world’s sustainable development goals as outlined by the UN, the conference explored the current challenges the agricultural sector faces, with the need to ensure food security, the duty to protect natural... Read More

African climate scientists in agriculture

Image The One Planet Fellowship, a $20 million initiative dedicated to supporting research on climate change adaptation, is an academic mentoring scheme which aims to support Africa’s smallholder farmers in adapting to a changing climate. This year, One Planet Fellowship has collaborated with the African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) to raise awareness and interest in the value of women engaging in research and development. Launched at the 2017 One Planet Summit in Paris, hosted by President Emmanuel Macron, the One Planet Fellowship seeks to boost climate research in Africa. The Fellowship aims to support the careers of 630... Read More

Focus onto research in Nursing and MIdwifery

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Emphasis onto Nursing and Midwifery

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Focus onto Inflammatory bowel disease and disorders

Image On behalf of the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders Inflammatory colitis, Crohns disease and Ulcerative colitis are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a complex group of inflammatory conditions. Where in patients require both induction... Read More

Emphasis on to Inflammatory bowel disease and disorders

Image On behalf of the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders Inflammatory colitis, Crohns disease and Ulcerative colitis are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a complex group of inflammatory conditions. Where in patients require both induction... Read More

Focus on to Eye and Cataract Surgery

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Emphasis on Eye and Cataract Surgery

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Latest Published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

published

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Diabetes with metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar

Image Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.   Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.   There are a few different types of diabetes:   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s... Read More

Glucose absorption and diabetes to process blood glucose, otherwise known as blood sugar

Image Your digestive system breaks down complex carbohydrates from food into a form of sugar that can be passed into your blood. The sugar then passes into your blood through the walls in your small intestine.   If you have diabetes, your body has a problem moving the sugar from your bloodstream into your cells. This leaves more sugar, or glucose, in your blood. The treatment of diabetes relies on controlling your blood glucose level. Long-term increased blood glucose levels can eventually cause dangerous complications.   Acarbose, miglitol, and pramlintide are all drugs that help manage diabetes. They each prevent too... Read More

New Synergistic Potential of Silver Nanoparticles and it is Application in Pharmaceutical Production Areas

Image Silver nanoparticles play a vital role in the development of new antimicrobial substances against a number of pathogenic microorganisms. Assessment of the antimicrobial activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was achieved as an eco-friendly and cost-effective method alternative to complex chemical and physical techniques. Nanoparticles due to their smaller size could be very effective as they can improve the antibacterial activity through lysis of bacterial cell wall. In the present work evaluation of extracellular biosynthesis of AgNPs by extracellular supernatant of Acinetobacter baumannii as a reducing agent was studied. Silver nanoparticles were characterized by... Read More

Bioremediation with Simultaneous Recovery and Reuse of Resources

Image Chemical industries are vital to the global economy, employ the billions and produce more than 140,000 different products. The products include those derived from the processing of organic or inorganic raw materials to everyday life and modern products. These industries process organic or inorganic materials from the Earth with heat, air and water to make chemicals and products that drive modern economies. There are suggestions that the physical limits of minerals and metals, the two important Earth resources for the chemical industries have been reached. The ‘building block’ or ‘bulk’ chemicals such as benzene, chlorine, toluene and... Read More